What is theater



Contents

  • Theater 1
  • 2 History of the theater
    • 2.1 The genesis of the theater
    • 2.2 The emergence of theater for the Arabs
  • 3 About the world stage
  • 4 video play or battle?
  • 5 References

The theater

Theater in the language is the place where the play is represented, and it is collected by theaters. [1] In its artistic meaning it is a form of art in which the literary literary text written is transformed into representational scenes, performed by actors on the stage in front of a crowd of the audience. The different theater for the play despite the use of words for the same significance sometimes; Valmsarhah is the literary text written, and refers to the literary side of the show theater, which is one element of the theater multiple, Kalakhraj, representation, fashion, lighting, art decoration, music, And singing, sometimes dancing. The theater has been described as the father of the arts, because it accommodates these artistic elements combined. [2]

The theater can be defined in a simple way as an artistic phenomenon based on a conscious and intended meeting between the actor and the viewer, in a specific place and time. Intellectual and aesthetic pleasure. [3] It is worth noting that, despite the simplicity of the concept of theater , there is no single agreed upon definition, and this is evident in the multiple definitions of theater in different dictionaries and encyclopedias. [4]

Theater is a form of expressing human feelings, sensations and different ideas using the art of speech and movement, and with the help of some other influences, and it is a means of entertainment and pleasure as well as a means of expression; it was mentioned in the glossary of terms of literature, for example, that theater expresses the theatrical production of a particular author or Several authors in a specific era, as he defined it as a structure that includes stage, actors, the auditorium, and other halls for management and the willingness of actors to represent their roles, and the theater may be limited to the auditorium and actors only Fife for the theater in the British Encyclopedia states that theater art is limited to live performances directed with precision, and with tight planning to create a deep sense of drama. [4]


History of the theater

Origination of the theater

Theater is an ancient art, known since ancient times by the Egyptians and Greeks, and was initially associated with religious rituals, but it soon became a stand-alone art, its goal is not limited to enjoyment, but rather includes intellectual, educational and recreational goals for viewers, and therefore the theater is described as the school of peoples. [2] Most of the writers who studied theater art hold that its beginning was with the Greeks, because of the prosperity enjoyed by this art by the ancient Greeks, and the beginning of its appearance in the Greeks dates back to the fifth century BC, but the prosperity of the theater at that time does not mean that it It was not present in the ancient civilizations of the Greeks, and therefore the idea that there is no art of theater before the Greeks is a denial of the ability of people from different cultures to entertain themselves, especially since theater is a means of entertainment and not only of expression. [4]

That is why the theater, in its various forms and patterns, is considered one of the expressive arts created by man from ancient times, and it is difficult to determine the location of the first real origin of the theater and its time. Tragedies appeared and were represented in Athens in the sixth century BC, and reached the height of its prosperity in the fifth century BC; Where it was closely related to celebrations for the representation of ancient rituals and religious rituals. [4]

The Muslim Arabs did not know the theater at the beginning and spread of the Arab Islamic civilization, so that the Arabs did not know the importance of the famous Roman theatrical architectural buildings spread from northern Syria to Morocco, and when they translated the art of poetry to Aristotle they put the concepts of Arab lamentation and satire opposite to the concepts of Greek tragedy and comedy, due to their lack of knowledge With the theatrical text or theatrical performance, as the Crusaders did not know the theater, due to the ecclesiastical prohibition of this art, and therefore it was not transmitted to Muslims during the Crusader occupation of parts of the Arab and Islamic world. With the end of the Middle Ages, the European theater reappeared, and its source was the Christian rituals of the churches. [3]

The emergence of theater among the Arabs

And with the beginning of the twentieth century, many new government theaters were created, and most of the plays were adapted or translated from one language to another, or transmitted from Arab folk tales. As for the success of the theater, it was the main motive that led the writers to write the art of theater, and with the beginning of The fifties of the twentieth century, theater has spread in the Arab world, and has become recognized in most official cultural institutions. Special institutes have also been established for representation. The Arab theater has witnessed great development at the hands of senior Arab actors and directors, and theater groups have increased That presents Arab theatrical art inside and outside the Arab world, and a special theater for children has appeared in various Arab countries.[2]

With the acceleration of global political events today, and the occurrence of crises experienced by different countries in the second half of the twentieth century, Arab theater art has declined and its movement has decreased, and its role has diminished in light of the emergence of commercial plays alongside TV dramas that have competed with theater art unfair competition . [3]

About the world stage

Art has evolved in various countries of the world over the ages. The art of drama in every country has represented prevailing customs, local beliefs, and myths , in addition to its representation of different life conditions. For example, three types of tripartite drama have appeared in Japan , and these types are: [5]
  • Noh: It refers to complete plays and is the oldest, as it is based on ancient Japanese literature.
  • Kabuki: These are popular plays.
  • Jujuri: These are puppet plays, and Kabuki and Jujuri are known to include loud music and sport dance.

In India, the theatrical heritage - particularly southern - known as Kathakali, was famous for performing in the rituals of temples, in which the actors wore luxurious and expensive clothes, and represented stories taken from Indian myths, as they performed movements of hands and arms in an exaggerated manner, in addition to facial expressions, and in facial expressions, China The drama was expressed through performances that included dance, singing, loud music, and clowning, as well as acrobatics. [5]

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