• 1 Definition of beekeeping
  • 2 History of beekeeping
  • 3 beekeeping equipment
  • Langstroth Cell 4
  • 5 References

Definition of beekeeping

Beekeeping is defined as a science specializing in beekeeping and the use of its honey. For more than 8000 years, humans collected honey from wild bee hives, as shown in ancient Mesolithic rock paintings, where these rocks show that the Egyptians raised bees in artificial cells, [1] Beekeeping is also concerned with the care and management of honey bee hives, where bees are kept to extract honey, and work is carried out on serving the bees by caring for pollinators such as flowers, fruits, vegetables, etc., and beekeeping is widespread in every place, as beekeeping is spread in cities and villages Large, pastures and farms , In forests and deserts, and from the Arctic and the South to the Equator. [2]

History of beekeeping

Beekeeping was known from ancient times, and by the seventeenth century people were able to learn secrets about beekeeping, as they learned how to control bees, and they used a barrier to protect them from bee stings, and from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries the main discoveries on which breeding was built Bees using the modern method, and among these discoveries are knowledge of the secrets of the queen bees, the technique of mating bees, transferred beehives, and the development of bees. After these discoveries, people were able to make bee farms instead of relying on natural farms, [2] and the first beehives were brought to the world by Before touched Humming Europeans so in 1620, and the primitive cells made of hollow vessels, and it is built holes in the walls, has been built of clay, or porcelain, or straw, but has become the cells of beesThe modern is a series of stacked boxes, and at the bottom of these boxes is a nursery room for young bees, while the upper part has space for storing honey, and there is a box consisting of eight to twelve discs, which are processed at close distances and forms close to the natural beehive, and the The bees build combs on the disc frames, then the beekeeper removes the wax caps that cover each cell, and a specialized machine can be used to rotate the cell frames, draw the contents of the comb outside the power of the central cell, after which the honey is filtered and stored, and the quality of the honey can be judged according to its flavor, And its color, and Its clarity. [1]

Beekeeping equipment

Some beekeeping equipment is required, including the following: [2]
  • Smoked to suppress bees.
  • Mask to protect the face.
  • Gloves for novice beekeeper, to protect it from bee stings .
  • Hard and sharp blade, which is a tool for separating tires and other cell parts.
  • A knife to open honey cells.
  • Plates for extracting honey from the center of the cell.

Langstroth Cell

One of the examples of artificial beehives is the Langstroth cell, where Langstroth discovered that humans can influence the way cells are built, by determining the distance between the layers of the cell, the area of ​​the bee space in which the bees are allowed to move, caring for their young, building honey combs and also producing honey And this cell is based on leaving an appropriate distance between the layers of honey, and this distance ranges between 6.4-7.9 millimeters, and this cell uses several layers and several removable frames, which encourage the bees to build cells in an orderly way, and the Langstrooth cell facilitates the beekeeper, from During extraction Bask from the bottom of the cell to the top. [3]

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