Who built the Eiffel Tower



Contents

  • 1 Eiffel Tower
  • 2 Building the Eiffel Tower
  • 3 facts about the Eiffel Tower
  • 4 Eiffel Tower historical events
  • 5 References

Eiffel tower

Eiffel Tower (English: Eiffel Tower) is one of the famous landmarks and buildings in the city ​​of Paris , and represents a wrought iron metal tower The government in France took care of its construction process with the aim of achieving and establishing a distinctive landmark during the International Exhibition in Paris in the year 1889 AD, to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution . [1] The Eiffel Tower has entered history for several reasons, the most important of which is its revolution in the civil engineering world as it represents a brilliant application of the latest achievements in the world of construction in his era, as he defined new standards for architectural beauty in the era of modernity. [2]

Building the Eiffel Tower

Engineer Gustave Eiffel is responsible for building the Eiffel Tower , after he participated in a competition held by the French government to design a memorial, and the competition committee agreed to design Gustave Eiffel, and the Eiffel Tower was established in the time period between the years 1887 AD - 1889 CE, relied on little costs, and became available People visited him on May 15, 1889. [2]


Gustave Eiffel began designing the first designs for the Eiffel Tower in the year 1884 A.D., and preliminary studies and studies showed that concern for the tower’s ability to resist the influence of the wind is the basis for the success of its design; therefore four pillars of metal were used by relying on the girdles within the concrete block that formed the base of the tower in the ground, and it was adopted Over 250 people to work within 21 and a half months in the process of building the Eiffel Tower. [1]

Facts about the Eiffel Tower

There are several facts and information about the Eiffel Tower , the most important of which are: [3]
  • The construction of the Eiffel Tower was completed on March 31, 1889 AD, and for a period of 41 years the tallest tower in the world remained until 1930 AD, when a Chrysler landmark was built in New York City, which is taller than the Eiffel Tower.
  • Up the Eiffel Tower weight to 10,100 tons, while its length with antennas installed on it Faisal to about 324 m. [2]
  • The Eiffel Tower remained until the year 1973 AD the tallest buildings and landmarks in France ; until the military transmission device was built in the city of Sisak, and the Milo Bridge, which is considered to be the tallest of the Eiffel Tower, was established, with a length of 343 meters, and its construction was completed in the year 2004 AD.
  • When reaching the highest height of the Eiffel Tower, a person needs to climb 1665 degrees.
  • In winter, the Eiffel Tower decreases to 6 inches.
  • An estimated 250,000,000 people visit the Eiffel Tower since it opened to visitors, and about 7,000,000 people visit it each year.
  • It took five days, two months, and two years to build the Eiffel Tower completely.
  • Every seven years, the Eiffel Tower is re-stained, and its coating needs about 60 tons of paint.
  • There is a set of copies that resemble the Eiffel Tower around the world, including one in China inside a garden in the window to the world, and another version in the American city ​​of Las Vegas .
  • The construction of the Eiffel Tower was intended to remain until 20 years before its existence ended, but it was used in radio transmissions of the telegraph, which contributed to its preservation.
  • 2,500,000 nails and 180,000 pieces of metal were used to build the Eiffel Tower.
  • About 20 thousand light bulbs are used in lighting the Eiffel Tower every night.

Eiffel Tower historical events

The Eiffel Tower is distinguished by its important history, as it remained for about 120 years of milestones that witnessed many historical events and situations, whether in the fields of politics, sport or culture, and below comes information on the most important historical events that the Eiffel Tower went through: [4]
  • The events of 1889 AD: the designer of the Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel rose approximately 1710 degrees to reach the third floor inside the tower, the French flag was raised, 21 artillery rounds were fired to greet the opening of the tower, and Gustave Eiffel and the guests participating in the opening of the tower had lunch, and then everyone went for a coffee In the apartment of Gustave Eiffel inside the tower, a laboratory specializing in meteorology was established at the top of the tower, and the first floor of the tower contains two restaurants: French and Russian.
  • Events of 1890 AD and 1891 AD: The number of people who visited the tower in 1890 CE reached about 393414 people, and in 1891 AD one of the French bakers climbed the first 347 degrees towards the first floor of the Eiffel Tower.
  • Number of visitors from 1892 AD to 1897 CE: It includes the following numbers:
    • In 1892, the Eiffel Tower visited about 277,276 people.
    • In 1893, the Eiffel Tower visited about 265,894 people.
    • In 1894, the Eiffel Tower visited about 210,836 people.
    • In 1895, about 218,974 people visited the Eiffel Tower.
    • In 1896, the Eiffel Tower visited 226,654 people.
    • In 1897, the Eiffel Tower visited about 199,827 people.
  • In 1898 AD: the Eiffel Tower was used for the first time in the radio broadcasting process.
  • 1901 AD: A prize of 100,000 francs was announced for the person who could fly around the Eiffel Tower and return to the point of origin in less than 30 seconds, and Santos Dumont succeeded in this task in October using an airship.
  • In 1905 AD: a competition called the championship climbing tournament was launched by the newspaper Le Sport (in French: Le Sport), and a group of participants participated in it, and one of the participants managed to reach the second floor of the tower within three minutes and twelve seconds.
  • 1907 AD: The first giant-sized watch was established on the second floor of the Eiffel Tower .
  • During the period from 1916 to 1918: the First World War broke out, and France closed the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1921 event: The Eiffel Tower broadcasted for the first time a radio program.
  • 1925 event: The first TV experiment was applied.
  • Events during the time period from 1940 to 1945 AD: The Second World War broke out and the French forces decided to cut all electrical connections to the Eiffel Tower, and the tower remained closed during the war.
  • In 2009, the number of visitors to the Eiffel Tower reached 6,503,413 people.

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