Types of fungi and their importance


  • 1 fungi
  • 2 types of fungi
    • 2.1 Egg fungi
    • 2.2 oily fungi
    • 2.3 cystic fungi
    • 2.4 Bazidia fungi
    • 2.5 Incomplete fungi
  • 3 The importance of fungi


Fungi are defined as real, eukaryotic, non-moving, and not self-feeding organisms, usually single-celled. These organisms live in air, soil, and water, whether fresh or salty, and some intruders also live on animals or plants, which causes many diseases Some fungi also live in the dark, where they are warm and humid, and in this article we will introduce you to the types of fungi.

Types of fungi

Egg fungi

Egg fungi restored on the remains of organic matter in water or soil. Some of them may live intruding on plants, causing them many diseases. This type of fungi is distinguished by its cell wall containing cellulose, in addition to the absence of its fungal spinning from the transverse walls, as they multiply By means of the male sexual reproductive organs that produce male gametes, which are responsible for fertilizing the eggs produced by the female sexual reproductive organs, the zygote, which grows, develops and becomes a fungus, is formed. Examples are fungi of the egg white.

Zygote fungi

Zygotic fungi live on the remnants of organic matter in water or in the soil, and a few of them depend on parasitism. These fungi are distinguished by their cell wall containing chitin, and their innate spinning is free from transverse walls, and these fungi reproduce sexually, through the formation of conidial spores, and sexually from The way of forming oily germs, which are characterized by their ability to resist inappropriate environmental conditions, due to the presence of a thick wall for them. Examples of oily fungi include: mushroom, bread rot, and fungi root.

Cystic fungi

These fungi live in various environments. They live in a nominal life, some of which are forced into the tissues of the host, and others intrude intentionally, and it must be pointed out that they multiply sexually by the formation of cystic spores within the lumbar cysts, and not sexually through the formation of conidian spores. Examples: penicillium mushrooms, and truffle mushrooms.

Bazidia fungi

These fungi live intruding or restorative on the soil rich in organic matter, or on the remains of tree roots. These fungi are among the most complex and enlarged fungi types. Examples include large fungi, such as mushroom mushrooms, puff balls, dragon fungi, and microscopic fungi such as Rust fungi, and Pazidi fungi multiply asexually by forming chlamydia spores, and sexually by forming a special structure known as the stent.

Incomplete fungi

This group of fungi includes about 3000 species, and it is characterized by containing fungal spinning fungi, and reproduces asexually through the conidian spores, as it may reproduce sexually. These fungi live in a lung manner in the soil or on the remains of plants, for example: Fusarium fungi that causes Wilt disease, and the alternaria fungus found in the black areas around the neck of the damaged tomato.

The importance of fungi

  • The organic materials are broken down into simple substances.
  • It is used for human food, such as: truffle mushroom and mushroom.
  • It is used in making some medications, and bread, because it contains vitamin B.
  • Used in the application of genetic engineering.